Spousal Employment and Intra-Household Bargaining Power

Francisca Antman
University of Colorado at Boulder – Department of Economics

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8231

Abstract:

This paper considers the relationship between work status and decision-making power of the head of household and his spouse. I use household fixed effects models to address the possibility that spousal work status may be correlated with unobserved factors that also affect bargaining power within the home. Consistent with the hypothesis that greater economic resources yield greater bargaining power, I find that the spouse of the head of household is more likely to be involved in decisions when she has been employed. Similarly, the head of household is less likely to be the sole decision-maker when his spouse works.

Spousal Employment and Intra-Household Bargaining Power

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