Mediation versus Litigation: Examining Differences in Outcomes amongst the Children of Divorce

Mediation versus Litigation- Examining Differences in Outcomes amongst the Children of DivorceMediation versus Litigation: Examining Differences in Outcomes amongst the Children of Divorce

Danielle Gauvreau

University of Western Ontario

Introduction

It has long been recognized that divorce can result in turmoil for families, especially for the children involved. Research has found that most children experience adverse short-term reactions to their parents’ divorce. A smaller, but still significant, proportion suffers long-term adjustment difficulties. Short term consequences may include: sadness, fears, uncertainty, and unrealistic expectations.1 Conduct disorders, poor academic performance, and difficulties with the opposite sex are among the long- term problems most frequently reported.2 Children of divorce also exhibit higher levels of externalizing behaviours (for example, aggressive, impulsive behaviours and problematic school behaviours) and internalizing behaviours (for example, anxiety, depression, and withdrawal).3 The rates of depression in children from divorced homes are significantly than children from intact families.4

 

Mediation versus Litigation: Examining Differences in Outcomes amongst the Children of Divorce

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