LABOUR RELATIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

LABOUR RELATIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAININGLABOUR RELATIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

Collective bargaining is a process of negotiation
between independent unions and employers (or
employers’ organizations) to determine terms and
conditions of employment, typically wages and
working time, and relations between the parties.
The outcome is a collective agreement, signed by
the parties to the negotiations. It affords labour
protection to workers, legitimacy (of rules) and
stability to employers, and provides public authorities
with a form of regulation which is determined by
the social partners and can thus be tailored to
their circumstances – at the same time reinforcing
compliance with minimum standards.
Collective bargaining is predicated on respect for the
right to organize and the recognition of the right to
collective bargaining. It is a fundamental principle and
right at work, recognized as such by the international
community.i The Right to Organize and Collective
Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98) is one of the
eight fundamental Conventions of the ILO. It guarantees
collective bargaining as a voluntary process between
independent and autonomous parties. Article 4 calls
on public authorities to take:

Measures appropriate to national conditions […] to
encourage and promote the full development and
utilisation of machinery for voluntary negotiation
between employers or employers’ organisations and
workers’ organisations, with a view to the regulation
of terms and conditions of employment by means of
collective agreements.
The Collective Bargaining Convention, 1981 (No.
154) and the accompanying Recommendation (No.
163) describe some of these measures including
the establishment of agreed rules and procedures,
processes for the resolution of disputes, and access
to information for meaningful negotiations. The
Collective Agreements Recommendation, 1951 (No.
91) considers, where appropriate and having regard
to national practice, that measures should be taken to
extend the application of all or certain stipulations of a
collective agreement to all the employers and workers
included within the industrial and territorial scope of
the agreement. Together, these instruments inform the
adoption of policies that promote collective bargaining
and support the inclusive coverage of workers by
collective agreements.

LABOUR RELATIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo no será publicada.


*


Google Analytics