How Have M&As Changed? Evidence from the Sixth Merger Wave

George Alexandridis

ICMA Centre, Henley Business School

Christos P. Mavis

University of Surrey – Surrey Business School

Nickolaos G. Travlos

ALBA Graduate Business School

June 1, 2011

European Journal of Finance, Vol. 18, pp. 663-688, 2012


We examine the characteristics of the sixth merger wave that started in 2003 and came to an end approximately in late-2007. The drivers of this wave lie primarily in the availability of abundant liquidity, in line with neoclassical explanations of merger waves. Acquirers were less overvalued relative to targets and merger proposals comprised higher cash elements. Moreover, the market for corporate control was less competitive, acquirers were less acquisitive, managers displayed less over-optimism and offers involved significantly lower premiums, indicating more cautious and rational acquisition decisions. Strikingly however, deals destroyed at least as much value for acquiring shareholders as in the 1990s.

How Have M&As Changed? Evidence from the Sixth Merger Wave

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