A review of 24 Best Practice case studies
G Environment contract 07.0310/2008/515147/SER/B2 as part of Preparatory
Actions for Natura 2000 (ENV.B.2/SER/2008/0035)
Final report for task 2
Natura 2000 is the centrepiece of EU nature &
biodiversity policy. It is an EU-wide network of nature
protection areas established under the 1992 Habitats
Directive. The aim of the network is to assure the
long-term survival of Europe’s most valuable and
threatened species and habitats. The Natura 2000
network is comprised of Special Areas of Conserva-
tion (SAC) designated by Member States under the
Habitats Directive, and also incorporates Special
Protection Areas (SPAs) which they designate under
the 1979 Birds Directive.
It is important to remember that Natura 2000 is not
a system of strict nature reserves, where all human
activities are excluded. The network includes nature
reserves, but, most of the land is likely to be privately
owned. The emphasis is on ensuring that future
management is sustainable, both ecologically and
economically and in ways, which involve and include
This report is part of the DG Environment contract 07.0310/2008/515147/SER/B2 entitled “Dealing with Conflicts in the Implemen
tation and Management of the Natura 2000 Network – Best Practice at the Local / Site Level” (lot 3), which is part of Preparatory
Actions for Natura 2000 (ENV.B.2/SER/2008/0035).
There are three tasks delivered under this contract. This report is provided for Task 2: it reviews 24 best practice case studies on
how conflict in Natura 2000 areas is resolved; it complements the report provided for
Task 1, which reviews current practices in
solving multiple use issues of Natura 2000 sites through conflict management strategies and participatory approaches.
will contribute to Task 3, which provides recommendations for future actions to promote best practices in dealing with conflicts in
the implementation and management of the Natura 2000 network.