Collective Bargaining in the Public Service in the European Union

Collective Bargaining in the Public Service in the European UnionCollective Bargaining in the Public Service in the European Union

ILO Cataloguing in Publication Data
Collective bargaining in the public service in the European Union / International Labour Office. – Geneva: ILO,
2015
(Working paper ; WP 309)
ISBN: 9789221305286 (web pdf)
International Labour Office
collective bargaining / public service / labour relations / wage determination / working conditions / EU countries

 

1. Introduction
Collective bargaining in the public service is excluded from the fields in which the
European Union complements Member State activities, according to Articles 152 and
153(5) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. For this reason, the
practices differ widely from one country to another. The wages are set on the basis of
national practices, and the main variance in wage setting is the mechanisms established
for decision making.
Twenty-three of the 28 countries use some form of negotiation to determine
working conditions and/or wages. Five governments take all decisions in this area
unilaterally. Fourteen countries have mixed systems, in which both laws and collective
bargaining agreements apply. According with the European Commission, in the
European Union there are five major groupings within which countries set wages
similarly, while every country also has its specific features.1 The following table
generally classifies each country according to the form of wage determination:

Collective Bargaining in the Public Service in the European Union

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