Sabanci University, Turkey
Bilkent University, Turkey
The nature of the negotiated outcomes of the eight issues of the Dayton Peace
Agreement was studied in terms of their integrative and distributive aspects. In cases where integrative
elements were found, further analysis was conducted by concentrating on Pruitt’s five types of integrative solutions:
expanding the pie, cost cutting, non-specific compensation, logrolling, and bridgi
ng. The results showed that real world international negotiations can arrive at
integrative agreements even when they involve redistribution of resources
(in this case redistribution of former Yugoslavia). Another conclusion was th
at an agreement can consist of several distributive outcomes and several integr
ative outcomes produced by different kinds of mechanisms. Similarly, in single
issues more than one mechanism can be used simultaneously. Some distributive bar
gaining was needed in order to determine how much compensation was required.
Finally, each integrative formula had some distributive aspects as well.